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(for "Legalizing Abortion Saves Women’s Lives", by Joyce Arthur)

Global statistics and information on unsafe abortion / maternal mortality:

Guttmacher Institute. Facts on Induced Abortion Worldwide. October 2009.

Guttmacher Institute (Singh S. et al). Abortion Worldwide: A Decade of Uneven Progress. 2009.

U Högberg, I Joelsson. The Decline in Maternal Mortality in Sweden. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica. 1985, Vol. 64, No. 7, pp 583-592. 1931–1980.

International Planned Parenthood Federation. Unsafe abortions: eight maternal deaths every hour. Oct. 19, 2009. [India]

S Jayachandran et al. Modern Medicine and the 20th Century Decline in Mortality: Evidence on the Impact of Sulfa Drugs. National Bureau of Economic Research, NBER Working Paper No. 15089. June 2009.

Angus McLaren, Arlene Tigar McLaren. The bedroom and the state: the changing practices and politics of contraception and abortion in Canada, 1880-1980. 1986. MClelland & Stewart, Toronto. (Secondary source:

KO Rogo et al. Maternal Mortality. National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). 2006.

World Health Organization (DA Grimes et al). Unsafe Abortion: The Preventable Pandemic. October 2006.

World Health Organization, Unsafe abortion: global and regional estimates of incidence of unsafe abortion and associated mortality in 2003, Fifth edition. 2007.

Ireland and Poland / Abortion Tourism:

Irish Family Planning Association. IFPA Responds to Latest UK Abortion Stats. May 21 2009.

Safe and Legal In Ireland. Abortion in Context.

Ian Traynor. Women challenge Irish abortion ban in European court. The Guardian. Dec. 9, 2009.

Polish Federation for Women and Family Planning. The Effects of the Anti-Abortion Law in Force in Poland since March 16, 1993. Report No 2, February 1996.

Poland Point. Dawn of the Abortion Tourism. Nov 19, 2008.

Center for Reproductive Rights. Tysiac v. Poland (European Court of Human Rights). March 20, 2007.

Marcy Bloom. “Abortion Tourism" Sheds Light on the Need for Health Care Access. Feb. 25, 2008.

Chile, Guyana, El Salvador, Nicaragua:

World Health Organization. Mortality Country Fact Sheet 2006 (Chile).

Donoso S., Enrique Mortalidad Materna en Chile, 2000-2004. Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología. 71(4):246-251. 2006.

World Health Organization. Making abortions safe: a matter of good public health policy and practice. Bulletin of the WHO. Vol.78, No.5. 2000. [Guyana]

Pan American Health Organization. Maternal and Child Health [in Guyana]. N.d.

UNICEF. Statistics for Guyana. 2009.

International Women’s Health Program. Guyana at a Glance. 2009.

Ministerio de Salud Pública y Asistencia Social. Linea de Base de Mortalidad Materna en El Salvador: Junio 2005 – Mayo 2006 (Grafico No. 12, pg 47).

UNICEF. At a glance: El Salvador. 2009.

José Adán Silva. RIGHTS: Nicaragua Refuses to Discuss Therapeutic Abortion. Inter Press Service News Agency. Feb. 15, 2010.

Amnesty International. Shocking abortion ban denies life-saving treatment to girls and women in Nicaragua. 27 July 2009.

Amnesty International. Governments urged to condemn Nicaragua abortion ban. Feb. 4, 2010.  

Misoprostol / Mifepristone:

RJ Gomperts et al. Using telemedicine for termination of pregnancy with mifepristone and misoprostol in settings where there is no access to safe services. BJOG. Vol.115, Issue 9, pp 1171-1178.  

S. Miller et al. Misoprostol and declining abortion-related morbidity in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: a temporal association. BJOG. 29 Jun 2005. Vol. 112 Issue 9, pp 1291 – 1296.

A. Faúndes et al. Post-abortion complications after interruption of pregnancy with misoprostol. Advances in Contraception. March, 1996. Vol.12, No.1.